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Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMO) Licence

HMO Licensing summary

If you rent out a property which is a house in multiple occupation (HMO) in the District, you may require a licence from us.  A house in multiple occupation is a property rented out by at least three people who are not from one 'household' (e.g. a family) but share facilities like the bathroom and kitchen.  It's sometimes called a 'house share'.  The most common type of HMO is bed sitting rooms with a degree of sharing, commonly the kitchen and/or bathroom.  There are a number of exemptions e.g. where the landlord is a registered social landlord or similar body, or where there is a resident landlord (depending on the numbers).

At present you must have a licence if you are renting out a large HMO.  Your property is defined as a large HMO if all of the following apply:

  • it comprises three or more storeys, is rented to five or more people who form more than one household and tenants share toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities.

From 1st October 2018 the definition of a large HMO will be changing.  You will be required to obtain a licence if all of the following apply:

  • the property is rented to five or more people who form more than one household and tenants share toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities (i.e. the "three or more storey" aspect has been removed, meaning that single and two-storey properties are also capable of being licensable HMOs).

Please note a HMO occupied by 3 or 4 unrelated individuals is not licensable because fewer than 5 persons reside at the property.  There are still legal requirements applicable to such properties.

Further information regarding HMO's can be found on the Central Government website

If you are unsure whether your house is a HMO or not and whether it is licensable then please contact us.

Management of HMOs

HMO Licence Register

Properties that are currently licensed with the Maldon District Council can be viewed on the public HMO Register.